Building the Philosophy of a Shared Future for Humanity – Blueprint Newspapers Limited


(Pequim – China, 05/24/2019) Vice-President of the Republic of China, Hamilton Mourão, durante Audiência com o President of the People’s Republic of China, Senhor Xi Jinping. Photo: Adnilton Farias / VPR

In a few days, especially the 29e and 30e In November 2021, Senegal will be in the league of other African countries like Ethiopia and South Africa to host the all-important China-Africa Cooperation Forum (FOCAC). FOCAC is a high-level tri-annual indaba of China and African countries having diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China (PRC). All African countries except Eswatini which does not have diplomatic relations with the PRC meet every three years to participate in discussions on how to design, consolidate and inject a new energy on the way to the collective development of China and Africa. Since its conception and establishment in 2000 and 2003 and the official launch of FOCAC in 2006, the Forum has traditionally been hosted either in China or in any African country interchangeably.

This year, Senegal will host the 8e edition of FOCAC on the theme “Deepening China-Africa Partnership and Promoting Sustainable Development to Build a China-Africa Community with a Common Future in the New Era”.

FOCAC was first and foremost a strategy proposed by China to engage with Africa. This relationship has since grown in leaps and bounds. In 2006, China’s financial commitment to Africa was $ 5 billion and in 2015 and 2018, that commitment increased to $ 60 billion. Between this development cooperation, the China-Africa partnership has moved from trade in resources to the development of infrastructure on a monumental scale, and moved to more focused political and strategic cooperation. In recent times, African analysts, think tanks and academics have continued to promote and influence the African government to show more innovation, commitment and interest in China-Africa cooperation. because of the benefits that have become evident in such relationships.

FOCAC has benefited from great goodwill and partnership in various aspects of investment, trade, health, infrastructure, food security, climate change and other areas of human development. This edition will follow the same model as the previous FOCAC, but will be unique in many ways. FOCAC 2021 is the first summit since the Covid-19 pandemic crippled economic activities and businesses globally, destroying livelihoods and threatening multilateralism as we know it. It is also the first FOCAC which has just celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) and 50 years of diplomatic relations between China and Africa, examining the joint China-Africa response to Covid19, and for the first times should undermine a “comprehensive China-Africa strategic and cooperative partnership” specifically for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Africa.

There is no doubt that the history of FOCAC and its derivatives has blessed both China and Africa. This is particularly true in the areas of infrastructure development, business opportunities, national and regional security cooperation, cultural diplomacy and person-to-person exchanges. Indeed, China-Africa cooperation has transformed the physical infrastructure environment of China and Africa and has proven, based on the many hardware projects across Africa, that this partnership is unprecedented. It is, however, relevant for this year’s FOCAC in Senegal to ensure what Hannah Ryder * calls “a more organized and collective approach to engagement on the part of African leaders at this year’s FOCAC”. There is a need for African and Chinese leaders, think tanks, and academics to inject novelty into building a philosophical, cultural and ideological component of China-Africa cooperation. In order to improve the quality and efficiency of FOCAC in general, the 8e Forum edition should strive to create a hybrid dimension to China-Africa cooperation that can activate an innovative path to sustainable development based on a software-based approach to cooperation and development.

Senegal is one of the ideological, theoretical and cultural poles of Africa. Projecting from a philosophical angle the aspirations to build livelihoods and a shared humanity that China-Africa relations have become representative of, will be remarkable in this FOCAC. China-Africa cooperation has covered politics, economy, health, technology, etc. FOCAC 2021 offers the opportunity to pay greater attention to building the mindset, attitude, philosophy and ideological orientation of China and Africa towards a better future communities, opportunities and humanity.

FOCAC should be a platform to reinforce the importance of character traits such as diligence, hard work, respect for culture and tradition, patriotism, knowledge, common sense of purpose, prudence, synergy between man and nature and cooperation as a catalyst for development. If qualities rooted in African culture and traditions can steer people towards sustainable development using their traditional alternatives, then FOCAC should focus on strengthening these qualities. There are different ways of development that a single prescription and the Chinese experience has proven it.

As the saying goes, Africa is the next frontier of development and this aspiration is very likely to be realized through China-Africa cooperation. FOCAC 2021 is expected to address Africa’s place within the BRI, which is potentially the most daring business model of global connectivity in trade, investment and pragmatic access to finance. development. One of the ways Africa could benefit from this initiative is to imbibe the values ​​and instill the principles of placing people at the center of development, promoting unity and projecting our uniquely grounded socialist nature. in Eastern African and Asian civilization. China and Africa have so much in common and the sooner a deliberate effort is made to bring our shared values ​​to the international frontline, the better for humanity. This can be done by injecting our unique value into the domestic and foreign policy of China and Africa.

This year’s FOCAC provides a platform for Africa and China to reiterate their belief in a multilateral system which, according to Chinese President Xi Jinping, “is incumbent upon us to follow the trend of history and choose the cooperation rather than confrontation, openness rather than isolation and mutual benefit rather than confrontation. zero-sum games *. While contemporary issues such as the green economy and climate change, technology transfer, peace and security, and post-Covid-19 recovery will dominate discussions at this year’s FOCAC, it is also necessary to present the philosophical energy that can consolidate the successes recorded in China. African cooperation over the years. This could involve understanding and deploying the software features that have enabled China’s peaceful rise, inclusive growth, and development in political, economic, and technological fields. Understanding the principles of Chinese development could be used to unleash the ingenuity of Africans at home, prioritize citizens’ interest in collective development, and position Africa’s quest for inclusive and sustainable development as a process rather than a process. ‘a big bang story or theory.

The philosophical vocabulary and orientation are important for China-Africa cooperation, as they will shape the framework, content and nature of the global partnership between the two climates. It is therefore instructive that on the sidelines of this year’s FOCAC summit and subsequent meetings in the future, there should be podiums that promote the cultural education of Africa and East Asian civilization in leadership. , governance, relationships, values ​​and development. The number of Chinese cultural institutes in Africa is increasing, and Africa should take advantage of this presence to collaborate in the fields of language and other exchanges that could promote intellectual understanding of Sino-African cooperation, modernize Eastern Sino civilization. -African, generate new models and pathways to development, and ensure holistic development that is in tune with the culture, tradition, emotion, beliefs and orientation of the people.

Long live China-Africa cooperation.

Agyeno of the Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution, Abuja

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