Hypatia of Alexandria / The woman who revolutionized science (Women’s Day)

On Women’s Day, the figures who made cultural history return, including the women writers, scientists and mathematicians who gave their lives becoming famous in their fields. One of them is Hypatia of AlexandriaThe Greek scientist and philosopher remains today a symbol of freedom of thought. Daughter of the philosopher Théon, her education allowed her to be at the head of the School of Alexandria and to rise to the forefront of the intellectual scene of Alexandria in Egypt. A woman of great culture, Not many writings left Because of the destruction of the Library of Alexandria, but other philosophers of the time speak of him as one of the most advanced minds in existence.

The illustrious world, the secular writings see Hypatia also hypothesize about the movement of the Earth, circumventing the Ptolemaic theory that the Earth was at the center of the universe. She was responsible for the inventions of the astrolabe, the globe, and the hydrometer, an instrument with which different specific gravities of liquids could be measured. In philosophy he was a follower of the Neoplatonic school, although according to historical sources he did so in an original and eclectic way, never converting to Christianity.

Hibis Alexandria, the figurehead of women

The death of Hypatia in Alexandria dates back to 415. The woman was massacred in a church by a mob of fanatics, in a climate of sectarianism, rejecting culture and science in the name of the growing Christian faith. His character, forgotten for years, returned with the Enlightenment, when many authors began to remember his freedom of thought and the high level reached by his studies. Since then, he has been remembered as a symbol of freedom of thought and the independence of women.

For this reason, in 2004 she devoted herself to the International Center for Women and Science in Turin, a center created by UNESCO to support the study, research and training of women scientists in the Mediterranean region in particular. Hypatia is indeed the symbol of how fanaticism, despite her recognized intellectual talents, was an obstacle for her, which, being a woman, she found an additional aggravating circumstance.

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